Introduction - Toward a Binding Climate Change Adaptation Regime

By Mizan R. Khan

in Toward a Binding Climate Change Adaptation Regime

There is an almost universal consensus that we already live in a climate changed world. In response, during the last decade the status of adaptation as a policy plank to address climate change has somewhat come to the fore in climate diplomacy. But climate change continues to fit the classical example of Hardin’s (1968) ‘Tragedy of the Commons’, what Stern calls the greatest market failure of our time (2007). Adaptation to climate change impacts as a policy problem appears more diabolical than just reversing the tragedy through closing the free-riding space or correcting the market failure through appropriate instruments. Because of the antecedent deposition of greenhouse gas emissions, climate change impacts are already evident from the increased frequency, severity and magnitude of climate disasters. What to do about these impacts? Many countries are already investing money to adapt to increasing impacts of climate disasters. Whose responsibility is this?

Environment, Climate Change and Migration in South Asia

Edited By Amit Ranjan, Rajesh Kharat, Pallavi Deka

in Environment, Climate Change and Migration in South Asia

This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the linkages between climate change and migration in South Asia. With help of case studies, it discusses wide-ranging themes like environment, migration, and population displacement; climate change induced migration in Afghanistan; new migration crisis in Bangladesh; climate change and refugees in Bhutan; gendered perspective of displacement in India; deforestation, riverbank erosion and migration in India; internally displaced persons (IDPs) of the Maldives; migration, mitigation and legal framework in Myanmar; climate change and human mobility in Nepal; Pakistan’s climate migrants; and vulnerability and resilience of Sri Lankan migrants. Part of Migrations in South Asia series, this topical book will be an essential read for scholars and researchers of migration studies, diaspora studies, refugee studies, climate change and environment studies, sustainable development studies, public policy, and development studies.

Responses to climate change mitigation during recessionary times

Edited By Gustav Visser, Sanette Ferreira

in Tourism and Crisis

The new millennium has been characterised by several crises ranging from dramatic acts of terror to natural disasters, as well as the most significant economic recession since the late 1920s. However, despite such challenges the global tourism system has in the main retained its past vitality although in some cases in a different form. The book investigates different kinds of “crisis” and unpacks understandings of crisis in relation to various components in the contemporary tourism system.

Climate change mitigation projections for ASEAN

Published in Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy

Rajah RasiahAbul Quasem Al-AminAnwar Hossain ChowdhurryFerdous AhmedChen Zhang

This article analyses climate mitigation impact once the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) introduce their respective Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) using dynamic non-linear computable general equilibrium modelling and 2010 input-output tables. The results indicate that atmospheric concentration of carbon and temperatures under the business as usual (BAU) scenario will fall from 390 PPM and 0.80°C respectively in 2010 to 351PPM and 0.79°C respectively, whereas under the optimal scenario it will fall to 329PPM and 0.71°C respectively in 2060. Cumulative climate damage under BAU and optimal scenarios will remain the same at MYR8.0 Billion, MYR14.3 Billion and MYR 24.8 Billion respectively in 2010, 2015 and 2020 but it will rise after that to MYR579 Billion under the former compared to MYR513 Billion under the latter in 2060. The reduction in carbon emissions shall also be achieved without a tangible fall in GDP per capita.

The economics of leadership in climate change mitigation

Published in Climate Policy

Gregor Schwerhoff 

Which kind of reaction can a nation or group of nations expect when leading by example in climate policy? This synthesis article describes possible positive reaction mechanisms from different fields of economics, some of which have scarcely been linked to climate economics previously. One effect may be behavioural, a reaction motivated by fairness, reciprocity, or norms. Second, other nations may interpret the leader’s action as a signal on his preference or the value of the objective and adjust their own policy based on the new information. Third, the leader may provide a service to other nations, which decreases their costs and risks. The followers could benefit by learning successful policies, adopting technologies, and obtaining information on the cost of environmental policy. All of these mechanisms have in common that the leader sets an example with the intention of motivating others to contribute to the public good.

Can Corporations Have (Moral) Responsibility Regarding Climate Change Mitigation

Published in Ethics, Policy & Environment

Säde Hormio

Does it make sense to talk about corporate (moral) responsibility for climate change mitigation? Through utilizing systems thinking, I will argue that mitigation should be incorporated into corporate policies for present and future activities within the existing political framework. However, not much retrospective responsibility exists for past emissions. Exception to this are corporations who have engaged in climate change lobbying activities, voluntarily expanding their sphere of influence in the system. They could be responsible for the damage caused by misinformation campaigns and subject to compensation claims.